Lambar Disc Herniation

Lumbar disc herniation, LDH is a common bone disease.   20% leg pain are caused by it. 95% of disc herniations   will occur toward the bottom of the spine at L4- L5 or L5- S1 levels.

Cause

Age has led to changes in degeneration of lumbar   intervertebral disc. But in recent years, it showed a trend of younger   patients. Long-term repeated force to lumbar will cause minor damage and   increases the degree of degradation. Therefore, long-term bad posture,   improper force to the waist and pregnancy are common reasons. In addition,   genetic problems and congenital abnormalities also play some roles.

Symptom

Low back pain is the first symptom in most patients,   the occurrence rate is about 91%, and  sometimes accompany with pain   radial to the buttocks, thighs, calves or footplates. Most serious   complications include disorders of bowel and bladder, sexual dysfunction,   incontinence and paralysis of the lower limbs.

Diagnosis

According to history, physical examinations and imaging   studies such as CT or MRI, diagnosis can be confirmed.

Treatment

More than 80% of the patients can be alleviated or   cured via non-surgical treatments. For example:  Rest on bed, traction,   physical therapy and injections of anti-inflammatory drugs. If there is no   improvement after conservative treatment for three months, or serious   complication has developed, surgery should be considered.

Prevention

Do exercise when leisure because it can improve the strength and flexibility of lower back muscle. It also improves the blood circulation. Avoid prolong sitting, standing and do some stretch exercise. Keep body warm especially in cool environment. Pay attention how to sit, lie down and lifting object properly. Avoid wearing high heels. Bed rest and sleeping on the firm mattress can reduce the pain.