Health Information for Travelers to South Asia

Countries included: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka

Common Diseases in this Area:
1. Food and waterborne diseases( e g. diarrhea, vomiting, fever, liver damage), Malaria, insect bites(Dengue, Filariasis, Japanese encephalitis, leishmaniasis)
2. Acute mountain sickness (AMS), AIDS, hepatitis B and other sexually transmitted diseases.

Recommendations:
1. See your doctor at least 4-6 weeks before your trip; take the vaccine and medication.
2. Wash hands frequently with soap and water, drink only bottled or boiled water. Eat only thoroughly cooked food and vegetables or fruits  you have peeled yourself.
3. Protect yourself from insects by staying in well-screened areas, using repellents (applied every 4-hour intervals or less), wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants from dusk through dawn.
4. Take the anti-diarrheal medicine and sunblock with you.
5. If you are visiting an area where there is risk for malaria, take your malaria prevention medication before your trip and continue taking your antimalarial drug after come home. Travelers who become ill with a fever or flu-like symptoms while traveling in a malaria-risk area or up to 1 year after returning home should seek prompt medical attention and should tell the physician their travel history.