Burns and scalds

Burns and scalds are damage to the skin caused by heat. Both are treated in the same way. Burns can be very painful and can cause blisters and charred, black or red skin.Treating burns and scalds, please follow

the first aid advice below:

  • Keep away from the heat source;
  • Cool the burn with cool or lukewarm water for 10-30 minutes. Do not use ice, iced water or any creams or greasy substances, such as butter;
  • Remove any clothing or jewellery that is near the burnt area of skin;
  • Stay warm – for example by using a blanket – but take care not to rub it against the burnt area;
  • Use painkillers, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen, to treat any pain.

When to get medical attention?

Depending on how serious a burn is, it may be possible to treat it at home. For minor burns, keep the burn clean and do not burst any blisters may form.More serious burns will require professional medical attention. You should go to a hospital if having the following burns:

  • all chemical and electrical burns
  • large or deep burns – any burn bigger than your hand
  • full thickness burns of all sizes – these burns cause white or charred skin
  • partial thickness burns on the face, hands, arms, feet, legs or genitals