Prevention of Measles

 

Measles: It is caused by a virus called Measles virus, is one of the most highly communicable infectious diseases.

Clinical features: Affected person will present initially with fever, cough, runny nose, red eyes and white spots inside the mouth. This is followed 3 to 7 days later by a red blotchy skin rash, which usually spread from face to the rest of the body. The rash usually lasts 4 - 7 days, but can persist for up to 3 weeks. In severe cases, lung, gut and brain can get involved and lead to serious consequences or even death.

Communicable period: The patient can pass the disease to other persons from 4 days before to 4 days after appearance of the rash.

Mode of transmission: This can be transmitted airborne by droplet spread or by direct contact with nasal or throat secretions of infected persons, and less commonly, by articles soiled with nasal or throat secretions.

Prevention:

·         Vaccination against measles is the most effective preventive measure.

·         Maintain good personal hygiene; perform hand hygiene frequently, especially before touching the mouth, nose or eyes

·         Regularly clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces such as furniture and toys.

·         When having respiratory symptoms, wear a surgical mask, seek medical advice promptly.

·         People with measles should stay at home.

Vaccination information provided by SSM:

 

Vaccination is considered necessary

 

Vaccination is considered unnecessary

 

ü  All children should receive one dose of MMR combined vaccine at the age of 12 months and 18 months respectively

 

û  For local residents born before 1970, vaccination is considered unnecessary as most of them have been exposed to the virus and are immune.

 

 

ü  Residents aged 1-17 years who have not completed the two-dose course of measles-containing vaccine, as well as women of child-bearing age who have never contracted measles nor received measles vaccination after their one-year birthday

 

 

û  Having previously been exposed to measles

 

ü  For adults born in or after 1970 who have never contracted nor vaccinated against measles after their first birthday, it is recommended to get one dose of MMR vaccine on a fee-for service basis

 

 

û  After 1990: Most people in this age group have gained immunity against measles, and do not require additional vaccination.

û  For people who have been vaccinated according to the Macao Immunization Programme.

 

 

*The vaccination is free of charge for Macao resident, medical staff in employment, nurseries, kindergartens and primary and secondary school staff,

whereas others may get the vaccination at a cost of Mop 50.

 

*The vaccination is not provided to the tourists.

 

You can search the website to check your personal vaccination information: https://www.ssm.gov.mo/myhealth/public.html

If you have doubt about receiving this vaccination, you may bring along your vaccination record and consult our health facilitators.